kalimat past continuous tense

Sumber: freepik.com

Kalimat past continuous tense berbeda dengan kalimat simple past tense. Past continuous tense adalah kalimat yang biasanya digunakan untuk peristiwa atau kejadian yang sedang berlaku di suatu waktu di masa lampau. Kalimat past continuous tense menggunakan was dan were yang diikuti oleh kata kerja berakhiran “-ing”.

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Kalimat Past Continuous Tense

Bingung ya? Coba perhatikan ilustrasi dan contoh kalimat past continuous tense di bawah ini:

rumus kalimat past continuous tense

I was eating lunch with my friend when you knocked the door.

“I was eating lunch with my friend.” adalah bentuk kalimat past continuous yang menjelaskan tentang sebuah peristiwa yang sedang berlangsung dari jam 11.30 a.m. sampai 12.30 p.m.

“You knocked the door.” adalah kalimat simple past tense yang menunjukkan sebuah peristiwa yang pernah terjadi sekali dan saat ini sudah selesai.

Dari contoh kalimat di atas bisa disimpulkan bahwa past continuous tense menunjukkan sebuah aksi atau kejadian yang terjadi dalam rentang waktu tertentu di masa lampau, tetapi saat ini sudah selesai.

Contoh kalimat past continuous tense lainnya:

  • This time last week, we were hiking in Peru.
  • He didn’t go out because he was working late.
  • When I lost my camera, we were swimming in the sea.
  • The last time I saw him, he was washing his car.

Main gim yuk!

Rumus Past Continuous Tense

Bagaimana membuat kalimat past continuous tense? Perhatikan rumus past continuous tense di bawah ini untuk membuat kalimat tiga macam kalimat past continuous tense.

1. Kalimat Positif (Affirmative)

Subject + was/were + verb -ing

Subject
Was/Were
Verb -ing
I/He/She/It
was
eating.
We/They/You
were
playing.

2. Kalimat Negatif (Negative)

Sedangkan untuk kalimat negatif, kita tinggal menambahkan kata “not” setelah “was/were”. Selanjutnya, kita bisa singkat menjadi “wasn’t” dan “weren’t”. Perhatikan rumus di bawah ini:

Subject + was/were + not + verb -ing

3. Kalimat Tanya (Interrogative)

Untuk membuat kalimat interogatif dalam past continuous tense, kita bisa meletakkan “was/were” di depan kalimat.

Was/Were + subject + verb -ing + ?

Contoh:

Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative
  • I was talking to James.
  • Susan was reading a book.
  • He was cleaning the wall.
  • We were doing the Math exercises.
  • They were baking some cakes.
  • You were making noises.
  • The children were painting.
  • I was not talking to James.
  • Susan was not reading a book.
  • He was not cleaning the wall.
  • We were not doing the Math exercises.
  • They were not baking some cakes.
  • You were not making noises.
  • The children were not painting.
  • was I talking to James?
  • Was Susan reading a book?
  • Was he cleaning the wall?
  • Were We doing the Math exercises?
  • Were they baking some cakes?
  • Were you making noises?
  • Were the children painting?

Main gim yuk!

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